Look at these pictures. Then, choose the type of climate they represent:

  • Tropical Wet
  • Subarctic
  • Temperate Mediterranean
  • Continental
  • Tropical Wet
  • Tropical Dry
    
   
  • Temperate Mediterranean
  • Tropical Dry
  • Equatorial

Do you think these pictures were taken in different parts of the world? Well, in fact, they weren't. They were taken in Australia. Australia is such a big country that you can find several types of climate. Look at this map:



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Watch a video about Australia's diversity

Australia's Facts Climate Aborigines History

Australia's Facts

  • Australia is the only country in the world that covers an entire continent. It is one of the largest countries on Earth. Although it is rich in natural resources and has a lot of fertile land, more than one-third of Australia is desert. Australia is called the land down under because it is below the equator



  • Most Australian cities are located in the southwest and southeast, where the climate is more comfortable (Picture 1, above). Important cities: Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide, Brisbane.
                           

  • Official Name: Commonwealth of Australia. As a commonwealth of the United Kingdom, Australia's head of state is the British monarch
    Form of Government: Federal parliamentary democracy
    Capital: Canberra (Australian Capital Territory - A.C.T.)
    Population: 20,683,554
  • Money: Australian dollar
    Official Language: English  

Climate
  • There are dense rain forests in the northeast. There are several types of rain forests in Australia. Tropical rain forests, mainly found in the northeast, are the richest in plant and animal species. Subtropical rain forests are found near the mid-eastern coast, and broadleaf rain forests grow in the southeast and on the island of Tasmania. (Picture 2, above)
  • The middle part of the country is called the outback.The famous outback (remote rural areas) contains the country's largest deserts, where there are scorching temperatures, little water, and almost no vegetation. One of Australia's most amazing sites rises like an enormous whale's back from a flat red-soil desert called the Red Center. This site is called Uluru, and it is a sacred natural formation at the heart of the country. Rising 1,100 feet (335 meters) tall, it is the largest rock in the world! (Picture 3, above)
  • Australia's ecosystem is an unusual one because of its remote location. As a result, there are many animal species that occur here and nowhere else in the world, such as the platypus, kangaroo and koala. Australia has 516 national parks to protect its unique plants and animals.

                       


Aborigines
  • Aboriginal people arrived in Australia about 50,000 years ago. They may have traveled from Asia across land bridges that were exposed when sea levels were lower. The hardy Aborigines have learned to live in the harsh conditions of the outback.
  • Aborigines are masters at tracking down other people in the outback, and today they are still willing to help people if they are lost.
  • Today there are about 165,000 Aborigines in Australia. 1% percent of Australia's population are Aborigines
  • Australia is also famous for the boomerang. The aborigines used the boomerang as a weapon. Today, children use it as a toy.

               
                 An aborigine with a boomerang                            Traditional Aboriginal Art                          Playing a didgeridoo, traditional instrument

Watch a video about Australian Aborigines

History
  • Dutch explorers first landed in Australia in 1606, and the British began to settle there in 1788. Captain James Cook claimed Australia for England in 1770. It was first used as a prison colony by the English. Many settlers were criminals sent to live in Australia as punishment. For a short time, the newcomers lived peacefully with the Aboriginal people. But soon, fighting broke out over who owned the land. The first free settlers landed in Sydney in 1793. Today Sydney is Australia's largest city. The Sydney Opera House is one of the most unique buildings in the world
  • In 1851, gold was discovered in Australia. A rush to find riches brought thousands of new immigrants, and by 1859, six separate colonies existed. In 1901, these colonies joined to form a British commonwealth.

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